2017

  1. H. Guo, X. Fan, S. Wang. Human Attribute Recognition by Refining Attention Heat Map, Pattern Recognition Letters, 94:38-45, 2017. [PDF]

  2. X. Li, W. Xu, S. Wang, X. Qu. Are You Lying: Validating the Time-Location of Outdoor Images, to appear in International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security (ACNS), Kanazawa, Japan, 2017. [PDF]

  3. Q. Zou, L. Ni, Q. Wang, Q. Li, S. Wang. Robust Gait Recognition by Integrating Inertial and RGBD Sensors, to appear in IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, 2017. [PDF]

  4. H. Yu, J. Simmons, C. Przybyla, S. Wang. On-the-Fly Performance Evaluation of Large-Scale Fiber Tracking, Computational Imaging Conference at IS&T Electronic Imaging, Burlingame, CA, 2017. [PDF]

  5. S. Wang, B. Munsell, T. Richardson. Correspondence Establishment in Statistical Shape Modeling: Optimization and Evaluation, Statistical Shape and Deformation Analysis, Elsevier, 67-87, 2017. [PDF]

  6. X. Zhou, R. Takayama, S. Wang, X. Zhou, T. Hara, H. Fujita. Automated Segmentation of 3D Anatomical Structures on CT Images by Using a Deep Convolutional Network Based on End-to-End Learning Approach, Image Processing Conference at SPIE Medical Imaging, Orlando, FL, 2017. [PDF]

  7. J. Zhou, H. Yu, K. Smith, C. Wilder, H. Yu, S. Wang. Identifying Designs from Incomplete, Fragmented Cultural Heritage Objects by Curve-Pattern Matching, Journal of Electronic Imaging (Special Section on Image Processing for Cultural Heritage), 26(1), 011022, 15 pages, 2017. [PDF]

  8. Q. Zou, L. Ni, Q. Wang, Z. Hu, Q. Li, S. Wang. Local Pattern Collocations Using Regional Co-Occurrence Factorization, IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 19(3):492-505, 2017. [PDF]

  9. Y. Lin, J. Chen, Y. Cao, Y. Zhou, L. Zhang, Y. Y. Tang, S. Wang. Cross-Domain Recognition by Identifying Joint Subspaces of Source Domain and Target Domain, IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, 47(4):1090-1101 2017. [PDF]

  10. Y. Lin, Y. Tong, Y. Cao, Y. Zhou, S. Wang. Visual-Attention Based Background Modeling for Detecting Infrequently Moving Objects, to appear in IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 2017. [PDF]

  11. 2016

  12. X. Zhou, T. Ito, R. Takayama, S. Wang, T. Hara, H. Fujita. Three-Dimensional CT Image Segmentation by Combining 2D Fully Convolutional Network with 3D Majority Voting, MICCAI Workshop on Deep Learning in Medical Image Analysis, Athens, Greece, 2016. [PDF]

  13. Y. Zhou, H. Yu, J. Simmons, C. Przybyla, S. Wang. Large-Scale Fiber Tracking through Sparsely Sampled Image Sequences of Composite Materials, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 25(10):4931-4942, 2016. [PDF]

  14. K. Zheng, H. Guo, X. Fan, H. Yu, S. Wang. Identifying Same Persons from Temporally Synchronized Videos Taken by Multiple Wearable Cameras, CVPR ChaLearn Looking at People Workshop, Las Vegas, NV, 2016. [PDF]

  15. H. Yu, Y. Zhou, J. Simmons, C. Przybyla, Y. Lin, X. Fan, Y. Mi, S. Wang. Groupwise Tracking of Crowded Similar-Appearance Targets from Low-Continuity Image Sequences, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Las Vegas, NV, 2016. [PDF]

  16. R. Meng, R. Choudhury, S. Wang, S. Nelakuditi. Enabling Targeted Communication between Drivers, International Conference on Communication Systems & Networks (COMSNETS), 2016. [PDF]

  17. X. Fan, L. Ju, X. Wang, S. Wang. A Fuzzy Edge-Weighted Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation Model for Image Segmentation, Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 71(11):2272-2284, 2016. [PDF]

  18. 2015

  19. D. Guo, J. Fridriksson, P. Fillmore, C. Rorden, H. Yu, K. Zheng, S. Wang. Automated Lesion Detection on MRI Scans using Combined Unsupervised and Supervised Methods, BMC Medical Imaging, 15:50, 2015. [PDF]

  20. Y. Lin, K. Ezzeldeen, Y. Zhou, X. Fan, H. Yu, H. Qian, S. Wang. Co-Interest Person Detection from Multiple Wearable Camera Videos, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 4426-4434, Santiago, Chile, 2015. [PDF]

  21. Y. Lin, J. Chen, Y. Cao, Y. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang. Cross-Domain Recognition by Identifying Compact Joint Subspaces, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), Quebec City, Canada, 2015. [PDF]

  22. Q. Zou, X. Qi, Q. Li, S. Wang. Discriminative Regional Color Co-Occurrence Descriptor, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), Quebec City, Canada, 2015. [PDF]

  23. Z. Shen, H. Qian, T. Zhou, S. Wang. Simple Atom Selection Strategy for Greedy Matrix Completion, International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI), 1799-1805, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2015. [PDF]

  24. Y. Zhou, L. Ju, S. Wang. Multiscale Superpixels and Supervoxels Based on Hierarchical Edge-Weighted Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 24(11):3834-3845, 2015. [PDF]

  25. W. Ye, J. Zhao, S. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Zhang, Z. Yuan. Dynamic Texture based Smoke Detection Using Surfacelet Transform and HMT Model, Fire Safety Journal, 73:91-101, 2015. [PDF]

  26. X. Fan, K. Zheng, Y. Lin, S. Wang. Combining Local Appearance and Holistic View: Dual-Source Deep Neural Networks for Human Pose Estimation, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 1347-1355, Boston, MA, 2015. [PDF]

  27. R. Meng, S. Nelakuditi, S. Wang, R. Choudhury. OmniView: A Mobile Collaborative System for Assisting Drivers with a Map of Surrounding Traffic, International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 760-765, Anaheim, CA, 2015. [PDF]

  28. J. Waggoner, Y. Zhou, J. Simmons, M. De Graef, S. Wang. Topology-Preserving Multi-Label Image Segmentation, IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 1084-1091, Waikoloa Beach, HI, 2015. [PDF]

  29. D. Salvi, K. Zheng, Y. Zhou, S. Wang. Distance Transform Based Active Contour Approach for Document Image Rectification, IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 757-764, Waikoloa Beach, HI, 2015. [PDF]

  30. Y. Zhou, L. Ju, S. Wang. Multiscale Superpixels and Supervoxels Based on Hierarchical Edge-Weighted Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation, IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 1076-1083, Waikoloa Beach, HI, 2015. [PDF]

  31. 2014

  32. K. Zheng, Y. Lin, Y. Zhou, D. Salvi, X. Fan, D. Guo, Z. Meng, S. Wang. Video-based Action Detection using Multiple Wearable Cameras, ECCV ChaLearn Looking at People Workshop, Zurich, Switzerland, 2014. [PDF]

  33. Q. Zou, Y. Cao, Q. Li, C. Huang, S. Wang. Chronological Classification of Ancient Paintings using Appearance and Shape Features, Pattern Recognition Letters, 49:146-154, 2014. [PDF]

  34. X. Fan, K. Zheng, Y. Zhou, S. Wang. Pose Locality Constrained Representation for 3D Human Pose Reconstruction, European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), Zurich, Switzerland, 2014. [PDF]

  35. Y. Zhou, L. Ju, Y. Cao, J. Waggoner, Y. Lin, J. Simmons, S. Wang. Edge-Weighted Centroid Voronoi Tessellation with Propagation of Consistency Constraint for 3D Grain Segmentation in Microscopic Superalloy Images, CVPR Workshop on Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum (PBVS), Columbus, OH, 2014. [PDF]

  36. Q. Zou, Y. Cao, Q. Li, Q. Mao, S. Wang. Automatic Inpainting by Removing Fence-Like Structures in RGBD Images, Machine Vision and Applications, 25(7):1841-1858, 2014. [PDF]

  37. J. Waggoner, Y. Zhou, J. Simmons, M. De Graef, S. Wang. Graph-Cut Based Interactive Segmentation of 3D Materials-Science Images, Machine Vision and Applications, 25(6):1615-1629, 2014. [PDF]

  38. S. Singh, R. Meng, S. Nelakuditi, Y. Tong, S. Wang. SideEye: Mobile Assistant for Blind Spot Monitoring, International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 403-407, Honolulu, HI, 2014. [PDF]

  39. 2013

  40. J. Waggoner, Y. Zhou, J. Simmons, M. De Graef, S. Wang. 3D Materials Image Segmentation by 2D Propagation: A Graph-Cut Approach Considering Homomorphism, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 22(12):5282-5293, 2013. [PDF]

  41. Y. Cao, L. Ju, Y. Zhou, S. Wang. 3D Superalloy Grain Segmentation Using a Multichannel Edge-Weighted Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation Algorithm, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 22(10):4123-4135, 2013. [PDF]

  42. J. Dong, F. Chen, Q. Cheng, S. Wang. A New Criterion for Choosing Planar Subproblems in MAP-MRF Inference, Neurocomputing, 120:453-460, 2013. [PDF]

  43. Y. Cao, D. Barrett, A. Barbu, S. Narayanaswamy, H. Yu, A. Michaux, Y. Lin, S. Dickinson, J. Siskind, S. Wang. Recognize Human Activities from Partially Observed Videos, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2658-2665, Portland, OR, 2013. [PDF]

  44. J. Waggoner, Y. Zhou, J. Simmons, A. Salem, M. De Graef, S. Wang. Interactive Grain Image Segmentation using Graph Cut Algorithms, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 8657 (Computational Imaging XI), Burlingame, CA, 2013. [PDF]

  45. A. Temlyakov, P. Dalal, J. Waggoner, D. Salvi, S. Wang. Shape and Image Retrieval by Organizing Instances Using Population Cues, IEEE Workshop on the Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 303-308, Clearwater, FL, 2013. [PDF]

  46. D. Salvi, J. Waggoner, A. Temlyakov, S. Wang. A Graph-Based Algorithm for Multi-Target Tracking with Occlusion, IEEE Workshop on the Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 489-496, Clearwater, FL, 2013. [PDF]

  47. D. Salvi, J. Zhou, J. Waggoner, S. Wang. Handwritten Text Segmentation using Average Longest Path Algorithm, IEEE Workshop on the Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 505-512, Clearwater, FL, 2013. [PDF]

  48. J. Tian, C. Qu, W. Xu, S. Wang. KinWrite: Handwriting-Based Authentication Using Kinect, Annual Network & Distributed System Security Symposium (NDSS), San Diego, CA, 2013. [PDF]

  49. Y. Lin, Y. Y. Tang, B. Fang, Z. Shang, Y. Huang, S. Wang. A Visual-Attention Model Using Earth Mover's Distance based Saliency Measurement and Nonlinear Feature Combination, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 35(2):314-328, 2013. [PDF]

  50. F. Chen, Q. Cheng, H. Liu, W. Xu, S. Wang. A New Inference Framework for Dependency Networks, Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, 42(1):56-75, 2013. [PDF]

  51. 2012

  52. B. C. Munsell, A. Temlyakov, C. Qu, S. Wang. Person Identification Using Full-Body Motion and Anthropometric Biometrics from Kinect Videos, 3rd Workshop on Analysis and Retrieval of Tracked Events and Motion in Imagery Streams, Firenze, Italy, 2012. [PDF]

  53. Barbu, A. Bridge, Z. Burchill, D. Coroian, S. Dickinson, S. Fidler, A. Michaux, S. Mussman, S. Narayanaswamy, D. Salvi, L. Schmidt, J. Shangguan, J. M. Siskind, J. Waggoner, S. Wang, Y. Yin, Z. Zhang. Video In Sentences Out, Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI), 102-112, Catalina Island, CA, 2012. [PDF]

  54. Y. Cao, L. Ju, S. Wang. Grain Segmentation of 3D Superalloy Images Using MultiChannel EWCVT under Human Annotation Constraints, European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), Firenze, Italy, 2012. [PDF]

  55. P. Dalal, S. Wang. Landmark Sliding for 3D Shape Correspondence, Intelligent Data Analysis for Real-Life Applications: Theory and Practice, IGI Global, 57-71, 2012. [PDF]

  56. J. Waggoner, J. Simmons, M. De Graef, S. Wang. Graph Cut Approaches for Materials Segmentation Preserving Shape, Appearance, and Topology, International Conference on 3D Materials Science, 147-152, Seven Springs, PA, 2012. [PDF]

  57. Z. Zhang, S. Fidler, J. Waggoner, Y. Cao, S. Dickinson, J. M. Siskind, S. Wang. Superedge Grouping for Object Localization by Combining Appearance and Shape Information, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 3266-3273, Providence, RI, 2012. [PDF]

  58. X. Zhou, S. Wang, H. Chen, T. Hara, R. Yokoyama, M. Kanematsu, H. Fujita. Automatic Localization of Solid Organs on 3D CT Images by a Collaborative Majority Voting Decision based on Ensemble Learning, Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, 36(4):304-313, 2012. [PDF]

  59. Q. Cheng, F. Chen, W. Xu, S. Wang. Recursive Sum-Product Algorithm for Generalized Outer-Planar Graphs, Information Processing Letters, 112(11):449-456, 2012. [PDF]

  60. J. Waggoner, J. Simmons, S. Wang. Combining Global Labeling and Local Relabeling for Metallic Image Segmentation, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 8296 (Computational Imaging X), Burlingame, CA, 2012. [PDF]

  61. B. C. Munsell, A. Temlyakov, M. Styner, S. Wang. Pre-organizing Shape Instances for Landmark-Based Shape Correspondence, International Journal of Computer Vision, 97(2):210-228, 2012. [PDF]

  62. Q. Zou, Y. Cao, Q. Li, Q. Mao, S. Wang. CrackTree: Automatic Crack Detection from Pavement Images, Pattern Recognition Letters, 33(3):227-238, 2012. [PDF]

  63. 2011

  64. F. Chen, Q. Wang, S. Wang, W. Zhang, W. Xu. Object Tracking via Appearance Modeling and Sparse Representation, Image and Vision Computing, 29(11):787-796, 2011. [PDF]

  65. S. Wang, J. Waggoner, J. Simmons. Graph-cut Methods for Grain Boundary Segmentation, JOM Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 63(7):49-51, 2011. [PDF]

  66. Y. Cao, L. Ju, Q. Zou, C. Qu, S. Wang. A Multichannel Edge-Weighted Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation Algorithm for 3D Superalloy Image Segmentation, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 17-24, Colorado Springs, CO, 2011. [PDF]

  67. Y. Cao, Z. Zhang, I. Czogiel, I. Dryden, S. Wang. 2D Nonrigid Partial Shape Matching Using MCMC and Contour Subdivision, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2345-2352, Colorado Springs, CO, 2011. [PDF]

  68. 2010

  69. P. Dalal, F. Shi, D. Shen, S. Wang. Multiple Cortical Surface Correspondence using Pairwise Shape Similarity, International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), I:349-356, Beijing, China, 2010. [PDF]

  70. K. Oliver, W. Hou, S. Wang. Feature Matching in Underwater Environments using Sparse Linear Combinations, IEEE Workshop on Object Tracking and Classification Beyond and in the Visible Spectrum, San Francisco, CA, 2010. [PDF]

  71. K. Oliver, W. Hou, S. Wang. Image Feature Detection and Matching in Underwater Conditions, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 7678 (Ocean Sensing and Monitoring II), Orlando, FL, 2010. [PDF]

  72. A. Temlyakov, B. C. Munsell, J. Waggoner, S. Wang. Two Perceptually Motivated Strategies for Shape Classification, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), San Francisco, CA, 2010. [PDF]

  73. Z. Zhang, Y. Cao, D. Salvi, K. Oliver, J. Waggoner, S. Wang. Free-Shape Subwindow Search for Object Localization, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), San Francisco, CA, 2010. [PDF]

  74. 2009

  75. J. Singletary, P. Wood, J. Du-Quiton, S. Wang, X. Yang, S. Vishnoi, W. Hrushesky. Imaging Multidimensional Therapeutically Relevant Circadian Relationships, International Journal of Biomedical Imaging, Article ID 231539, 8 pages, 2009. [PDF]

  76. H. Moukalled, D. Deliyski, R. Schwarz, S. Wang. Segmentation of Laryngeal High Speed Videoendoscopy in Temporal Domain using Paired Active Contours, International Workshop on Models and Analysis of Vocal Emissions for Biomedical Applications (MAVEBA), Firenze, Italy, 2009. [PDF]

  77. P. Dalal, L. Ju, M. McLaughlin, X. Zhou, H. Fujita, S. Wang. 3D Open-Surface Shape Correspondence for Statistical Shape Modeling: Identifying Topologically Consistent Landmarks, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), Kyoto, Japan, 2009 . [PDF, Supplemental Video]

  78. B. C. Munsell, A. Temlyakov, S. Wang. Fast Multiple Shape Correspondence by Pre-Organizing Shape Instances, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 840-847, Miami Beach, FL, 2009. [PDF]

  79. 2008

  80. B. C. Munsell, P. Dalal, S. Wang. Evaluating Shape Correspondence for Statistical Shape Analysis: A Benchmark Study, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 30(11):2023-2039, 2008. [PDF]

  81. J. S. Stahl, K. Oliver, S. Wang. Open Boundary Capable Edge Grouping with Feature Maps, IEEE Computer Society Workshop on Perceptual Organization in Computer Vision (POCV), Anchorage, AK, 2008. [PDF]

  82. J. S. Stahl, S. Wang. Globally Optimal Grouping for Symmetric Closed Boundaries by Combining Boundary and Region Information, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 30(3):395-411, 2008. [PDF]

  83. 2007

  84. J. S. Stahl, S. Wang. Edge Grouping Combining Boundary and Region Information, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 16(10):2590-2606, 2007. [PDF]

  85. B. C. Munsell, P. Dalal, S. Wang. A New Benchmark for Shape Correspondence Evaluation, International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), I:507-514, Brisbane, Australia, 2007. [PDF]

  86. P. Dalal, B. C. Munsell, S. Wang, J. Tang, K. Oliver, H. Ninomiya, X. Zhou, H. Fujita. A Fast 3D Correspondence Method for Statistical Shape Modelling, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Minneapolis, MN, 2007. [PDF]

  87. F. Ge, S. Wang, T. Liu. New Benchmark for Image Segmentation Evaluation, Journal of Electronic Imaging, 16(3), 033011, 16 pages, 2007. [PDF]

  88. S. Wang, J. S. Stahl, A. Bailey, M. Dropps. Global Detection of Salient Convex Boundaries, International Journal of Computer Vision, 71(3):337-359, 2007. [PDF]

  89. 2006

  90. T. Richardson, S. Wang. Open-Curve Shape Correspondence Without Endpoint Correspondence, International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), I:17-24, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2006. [PDF]

  91. J. S. Stahl, S. Wang, Globally Optimal Grouping for Symmetric Boundaries, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), I:1030-1037, New York, NY, 2006. [PDF]

  92. F. Ge, S. Wang, T. Liu, Image-Segmentation Evaluation From the Perspective of Salient Object Extraction, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), I:1146-1153, New York, NY, 2006. [PDF]

  93. S. Wang, F. Ge, T. Liu. Evaluating Edge Detection Through Boundary Detection, EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing (Special Issue on Performance Evaluation in Image Processing), Article ID 76278, 15 pages, 2006. [PDF]

  94. 2005

  95. J. S. Stahl, S. Wang. Convex Grouping Combining Boundary and Region Information, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), II:946-953, Beijing, China, 2005. [PDF]

  96. T. Richardson, S. Wang. Nonrigid Shape Correspondence using Landmark Sliding, Insertion and Deletion, International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), II:435-442, Palm Springs, CA, 2005. [PDF]

  97. S. Wang, T. Kubota, J. M. Siskind, J. Wang. Salient Closed Boundary Extraction with Ratio Contour, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 27(4):546-561, 2005. [PDF]

  98. 2004

  99. S. Wang, T. Kubota, T. Richardson. Shape Correspondence through Landmark Sliding, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), I:143-150, Washington, DC, 2004. [PDF, Supplemental Video]

  100. S. Wang, J. Wang, T. Kubota. From Fragments to Salient Closed Boundaries: An In-Depth Study, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), I:291-298, Washington, DC, 2004. [PDF]

  101. 2003 & Before

  102. S. Wang, T. Kubota, J. M. Siskind. Salient Boundary Detection Using Ratio Contour, Neural Information Processing Systems Conference (NIPS), 1571-1578, Vancouver, Canada, 2003. [PDF]

  103. S. Wang, X. Ji, Z.-P. Liang. Landmark-based Shape Deformation with Topology-Preserving Constraints, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 923-930, Nice, France, 2003. [PDF]

  104. S. Wang, J. M. Siskind. Image Segmentation with Ratio Cut, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 25(6):675-690, 2003. [PDF]

  105. S. Wang, W. Zhu, Z.-P. Liang. Shape Deformation: SVM Regression and Application to Medical Image Segmentation, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), II:209-216, Vancouver, Canada, 2001. [PDF]

  106. S. Wang, J. M. Siskind. Image Segmentation with Minimum Mean Cut, IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), I:517-524, Vancouver, Canada, 2001. [PDF]

  107. W. Zhu, S. Wang, R.-S. Lin, S. Levinson. Tracking of Object with SVM Regression, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), II:240-245, Kauai, HI, 2001. [PDF]